Vol. 1 No. 2 (2024)

Absolute Refusal

Danielle Lussier
Royal Military College and Queen's University (Faculty of Law)

Published 2024-06-21 — Updated on 2024-06-28



  • Beadwork,
  • Flower Beadwork People,
  • History,
  • Homeland,
  • Material Culture,
  • Métis Artwork,
  • Métis Culture and Traditions,
  • Métis Identity,
  • Resistance
  • ...More

How to Cite

Lussier, D. (2024). Absolute Refusal . Pawaatamihk: Journal of Métis Thinkers, 1(2), 191–194. https://doi.org/10.36939/pawaatamihk/vol1no2/art38 (Original work published June 21, 2024)


This poem, in two parts, engages in a practice the author describes as “reading the beads.” The beadwork, titled “Absolute Refusal,” holds layers of stories, and can be read both forward and back – from our roots as a People to our hope for future generations.