Vol. 1 No. 2 (2024)
Scholarly Papers

The Métis Nation, Epistemic Injustice, and Self-Indigenization

Kurtis Boyer
University of Saskatchewan
Paul Simard Smith
University of Regina

Published 2024-06-21 — Updated on 2024-07-02



  • Métis Self-determination,
  • Métis Identity,
  • Epistemic Injustice,
  • Self-Government,
  • self-indigenization

How to Cite

Boyer, K., & Simard Smith, P. (2024). The Métis Nation, Epistemic Injustice, and Self-Indigenization. Pawaatamihk: Journal of Métis Thinkers, 1(2), 264–275. https://doi.org/10.36939/pawaatamihk/vol1no2/art73 (Original work published June 21, 2024)


This paper considers epistemic dimensions of injustices associated with settlers self-indigenization through false claims to being Métis. First, we provide an analytic characterization of the act of self-indigenization. Afterwards we spell out how confusions surrounding the meaning of the term ‘Métis’ generate lacunae in the social imagination of the dominant society in Canada. These lacunae make it more difficult for Métis people to explain to  the dominant society why claims based on self-identification alone are inadequate bases upon which to claim to be Métis. Finally, we highlighting steps taken by the Métis Nation to assert their identity through citizenship registries.